The Chinese Musical and Theatrical Association (CMTA) or Zung Gwok Jem Ngok Keik Se (Zhongguo yingyue jushe) was officially founded in 1931, although it had existed for several years before this date. The association’s name can be credited to the suggestion made by the Chinese war hero in the Sino-Japanese War, General Zoeng Fat Fui, who influenced the naming upon one of his visits to New York City. Located on 24 Pell Street in New York City’s Chinatown, CMTA was a membership association, with members paying dues. There were around 60 members, 10 of which were active participants. It is unclear whether the active participants performed more often or assisted with the administration of the association. According to the various records, the association usually was commissioned by other “benevolent” associations, clan associations, and individual patrons to perform, both publicly and privately, for occasions such as fundraisers, the national day of the Republic of China, Chinese New Year, New Year, Chinese Thanksgiving, individual patrons’ private birthday celebrations, and the founding anniversary of various operatic song groups. Stanley Chiu, a member of the association, appears to have held a leadership role in the organization; he played in the orchestra, but he also wrote some correspondence appealing to CMTA members for increased funds. He possibly oversaw the administrative aspect of CMTA.